Long-stitch bookbinding was often used in the 18th century though some historians believe it may have been used earlier.
Long-stitch binding is easily recognised by it’s long staggered stitching pattern which seen on the spine on top of the cover following the split between the paper sheets. (wikipedia,2017)
This binding process involves binding the pages directly to the cover meaning there is no glue involved.
This process was heavily used in the medieval era and because of this has become in some ways an icon of medieval books and is often what is thought of when they are mentioned.
I don’t feel this technique will work quite so well if I decide to pursue the concept of making an encyclopaedia style book, I would definitely include it as a technique in the book however for appealing to designers I feel this technique won’t have the desired effect therefore if this option is chosen I won’t use this technique to make the book.
To create a long stitch bound book to start pierce matching holes into all the signatures, also making matching holes into the leather cover. Next take one signature and the leather cover and go through the first hole from the inside with the needle and the thread, go back down through the same hole leaving a small loop on the outside of the cover. Go along to the next hole in the signature and go through the cover too, continue through to the last hole and on the last hole add on the next signature to go through again in the opposite direction, once you’ve reached the last hole go through the loop you left at the start and add on another signature. The next time you reach the end go under the connection between the first two signatures. Repeat this process for all remaining signatures. Once you reach the end loop through the previous connection and go back through the last hole to tie off a knot in the inside of the last signature.