Social Action Definition

Max Weber’s definitions of Social Action:

  1. Rational action: individuals have expectations about the behaviour of others and act to take account of these expectations in order to attain their own rationally chosen outcomes.
  2. Evaluative action: individuals take account of absolute values (beliefs, ethics, aesthetics or other form of behaviour) entirely for their own sake and independently of any prospects of external benefit or success.
  3. Emotional actions: action based on feelings and emotions of the individual and other actors.
  4. Traditional actions: actions that are based on long-established and habitually practiced traditional expectations.
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